This page offers you a myriad of links to:

  • research the various ways to prepare a competitive application to a health professions program
  • educate yourself about the professions themselves

Each link has been carefully developed to share the services of our prehealth advisors, links to information sources, contacts for the various UB student prehealth organizations, links to national sites, recommended readings, and provides a number of leads to help you secure clinical shadowing, volunteering and research opportunities. There is also a section to investigate the numerous summer clinical and research opportunities available.

    • Prehealth Listserv

      For frequent email updates pertaining to events of interest to UB prehealth students!

      To subscribe to the prehealth listserv, send an email to with the following text in the message body (not the “Subject” line – Subject should be blank):

      • subscribe prehealth-list your name (example: subscribe prehealth-list Bill Jones)

      Your email address will be automatically obtained from the email message and add you to the listserv.

      To unsubscribe from the prehealth listserv, send an email to with the following text in the message body (not the “Subject” line):

      • unsubscribe prehealth-list

      Your email address will be automatically obtained from the email message and remove you from the listserv.

    • Prehealth Committee

      UB students have access to the full services of our Prehealth Committee. The Committee will provide a summary appraisal letter for use during your application process to the professional schools. Candidates must apply for a letter to be written and will be interviewed by one Committee member. Your letter file is maintained for 5+ years. Eligible students include current UB undergraduates, alumni and transfer students with 30+ credits at UB. There is a four tier recommendation system based on a student’s resume, transcripts, essay, recommendations and interview. Annual Deadlines are: Spring – March 15; Fall – September 1; Winter – January 15 for EOPIM.

      Carefully reviewing the Prehealth Committee tab on this site, watching our informational videos and attending a Prehealth Committee Information Session (listed under Events) are a must to be well informed about this process.

    • Personal Statement/Essays

      When you are approaching your application deadline, a prehealth advisor can critique your personal statement for you, though due to volume, our office will only do this for you one time.

      1. First, read and complete some of the exercises in the Essay Writing handbook available at our February workshop. It is also helpful to read the sample statements provided. It is important to have a sense of knowing the appropriate content of your statement.
      2. Second, it is helpful to have your essay reviewed by The Center for Excellence in Writing in 209 Baldy Hall. You may also have an English professor of your choice review it if they are available.
      3. Third, you may email us your statement then follow the directions you receive in return to make an appointment with an advisor to review it at least 3-4 business days later. This will allow the advisor time to thoroughly review your statement before the appointment. You will then be instructed who to call to schedule your appointment.
    • Timetable
      JUNIOR/SENIOR YEAR (Dependent on year you elect to apply).
      Year ONE: September-December

        1. Begin to review notes and textbooks for admissions exams.
        2. Begin or continue to collect letters of recommendation.


      1. Look for announcements regarding registration for spring exams (MCAT, DAT, OAT). All computerized with multiple dates of administration.
      2. Discuss your application with Libby Morsheimer or Amanda Sauter. Make an appointment in 112 Capen Hall or by calling 716-645-6013.
      3. Begin or continue to review for admissions exams.
      4. Determine if you are eligible for fee waivers. Apply early for them! Check relevant websites for details. Many of them are available in early January.


      1. Review for admissions exams.
      2. Check through your online application, if started, to see if letters have arrived. Follow up where necessary.


      1. Begin to research schools: check the internet. Use resources like the Medical Schools Admission Requirement Guide (MSAR) for MD, College Information Book (CIB) for DO and American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Guide to Dental Schools for DDS.
      2. File your application for the Prehealth Committee Letter by MARCH 15.
      3. Applicants to US MD and DDS schools can now only use the spring cycle with a deadline of MARCH 15.


      1. Complete review and consider taking MCAT, DAT or OAT exams in April-May.
      2. Be sure 4-7 letters are in by April 15 for the Prehealth Committee. You need a MINIMUM of 4 letters by April 15.


      1. Complete your Committee interview in later April or May.
      2. Contact non-service schools for their applications (e.g., offshore medical schools).
      3. Start filling out applications for both service and non-service schools. Consider submitting by early June. Early applications are strongly recommended.


      1. Submit application to the centralized application services (June 1-June 30 is a good time). Applying EARLY is essential!
      2. Send out applications to non-service schools. Most have online applications. Promptly complete secondary applications as they come in (1-3 weeks).
      3. File MCAT/DAT/OAT exam applications even if you will be taking or retaking an exam. Taking the MCAT and DAT before July is strongly recommended. If you have questions, please discuss them with your advisor.


      1. ALL applicants submit Release Form to 112 Capen for Committee Letter and letters of recommendation to be electronically transmitted to professional schools. MOST schools accept electronically. For DDS schools, indicate we will send the letters electronically not via paper.
      2. Obtain and complete Committee application if you are using the Committee’s September cycle. The Committee application opens July 1.
      3. Check to see if your letters of recommendation have arrived. Follow up on any missing letters.

      Year TWO: September

      1. September 1 deadline to file an application for the Committee letter.
      2. Complete your committee interview.
      3. Turn in any envelopes (if necessary) and Release Form to have letters sent. If applying US MD schools, submit AMCAS Letter Request Form as well.
      4. You may begin to have interviews schedule for this month and later. Do interview prep! Consult our office for information as well as Career Services in 259 Capen to schedule a practice interview session. Attend our Interview Prep Workshop scheduled each fall. Check the Events tab for the next session.


      1. Begin to think of possible alternatives, just in case.
      2. Notify us of any and all acceptances. Please speak with an advisor regarding our Winter Prehealth Committee cycle (deadline Jan 15) if you intend on applying for EOPIM.
    • Recommended Prehealth Reading
      • After Harm: Medical Error and The Ethics of Forgiveness by Nancy Berlinger
      • Another Day in the Frontal Lobe: A Brain Surgeon Exposes Life on the Inside by Katrina Firlik
      • Better by Atul Gawande
      • Body of Work by Christine Montross
      • Complications: A Surgeons Notes on an Imperfect Science by Atul Gawande
      • Cutting for Stone by Abraham Verghese
      • Demographic changes, a view from California (report of the Institute of Medicine)
      • Every Patient Tells a Story by Lisa Sanders
      • Final Exam by Pauline W. Chen
      • Healing Hearts: A Memoir of a Female Heart Surgeon by Kathy E. Magliato
      • How Doctors Think by Jerome Groopman
      • How We Die by Sherwin Nuland, MD
      • How We Live by Sherwin Nuland, MD
      • Informed Consent: The US Medical Education System Explained by Benjamin Brown
      • Intern: A Doctor’s Initiation by Sanddep Jauhar
      • Match Day: One Day and One Dramatic Year in the Lives of Three New Doctors by Brian Eule
      • Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present by Harriet A. Washington
      • Moonwalking with Einstein by Joshua Foer
      • Mountains Beyond Mountains: Healing the World: The Quest of Dr. Paul Farmer by Tracy Kidder
      • My Own Country: A Doctor’s Story by Abraham Verghese
      • On Becoming a Doctor by Tania Heller
      • On Call: A Doctor’s Days and Nights in Residency by Emily R. Transue
      • Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell
      • Parasite Rex : Inside the Bizarre World of Nature’s Most Dangerous Creatures by Carl Zimmer
      • Patient by Patient: Lessons in Love, Loss, Hope and Healing from a Doctor’s Practice by Emily R. Transue
      • Something for the Pain: Compassion and Burnout in the ER by Paul Austin
      • The Anatomy of Hope by Jerome Groopman
      • The Citadel by A.J. Cronin
      • The Doctor Stories by William Carlos Williams
      • The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot
      • The Scalpel and the Silver Bear by Lori Arviso Alvord
      • The Soul of a Doctor: Harvard Medical Students Face Life and Death edited by Susan Pories, Sachin Jain, and Gordon Harper
      • The Soul of Medicine by Sherwin Nuland, MD
      • The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down by Anne Fadiman
      • The Woman Who Decided to Die by Ronald Munson
      • Uncommon Wisdom: True Tales of What Our Lives as Doctors Have Taught Us About Love, Faith and Healing by John Castaldo MD and Lawrence Levitt MD
      • What Patients Taught Me: A Medical Student’s Journey by Audrey Young
      • Who Shall Live? by Victor Fuchs
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

    What is “prehealth”?
    This jargon is short hand for: premed, predentistry, prevet, preoptometry, prepodiatry, and prechiropractic students. There is no prehealth major, rather a curricular program students follow to complete the requirements for entry into these professional schools upon graduation.

    What do students need to do to qualify for admission into these professional schools?

    To be a qualified, competitive applicant, students must do the following:

    • Successfully complete their degree and major with an excellent record
    • Complete prerequisite courses with superior grades
    • Perform very well on admission tests
    • Compile a strong record of references and a Prehealth Committee Letter
    • Participate in sincere and sustained health related and service activities

    Should a student major in biology or at least a science?
    Maybe! Students should major in the disciplines they truly enjoy. If it includes the prerequisite courses fine, if not they will take those courses in addition to their major. Professional schools want students skilled in science, but not exclusively.

    What’s a prerequisite?

    These are courses required for admission and also may be the basic preparation for the admission tests. Common to all these professions are four sciences and a year of English. The science courses include the following with a year of lab in each:

    • Biology
    • General Chemistry
    • Organic Chemistry
    • Physics

    What if a student is waived out of the UB English requirements?
    Students should take other higher level English courses of their choice to equal 2 semesters.

    Which UB courses meet these prerequisite requirements?

    • Chemistry CHE 101-102, 105-106, or 107-108 10 credits
    • Organic Chemistry CHE 201-202 or 251-252 10 credits
    • Biology BIO 200-201 8 credits
    • Physics PHY 101-102 w/labs 151-152
    • PHY 107-108 or 117-118 w/lab 158 9-10 credits
    • English ENG 101-201
    • (If any waived take 3 or 6 credits of English literature) 6 credits
    • Mathematics MTH 121-122 OR 141-142 8 credits

    Is this all?

    For medicine, dentistry, and podiatry individual schools may have additional prerequisites that are required or strongly recommended. Optometry, veterinary, and chiropractic have additional requirements depending on the school:

    • Chiropractic: one course in psychology
    • Optometry: psychology, biochemistry, biomedical microbiology, statistics, calculus and others
    • Veterinary: biochemistry, biomedical microbiology, genetics, nutrition and others

    Couldn’t a student take BIO 129/130?
    It is not recommended as sufficient preparation for admission tests or entrance into the professional schools.

    When do students apply to these schools and what is early assurance?
    Students hoping to attend after graduation usually apply in the spring and summer of their junior year, but senior year and later is appropriate for others. Very talented sophomores may apply to the Early Assurance in Dentistry if they have the following:
    Dentistry: 3.5 overall and science, 3 of 4 prerequisites & English; Prehealth Letter; strong record of dental volunteer experience

    When do students take admissions tests?
    They can take them as soon as they have the basic prerequisites done, but the real answer is when they feel best prepared. Students hoping to start professional school the fall after graduation should plan to be ready for the tests by the spring of their junior year.

    How many references do students need?
    Students will need a minimum of 4 references, mostly academic and at least 2 in science. This is one of the requirements to apply for a Prehealth Committee Letter of evaluation. References can be obtained when a class is completed and need not wait till junior year when applying for the Letter. The Prehealth Advising Services office retains references for 5 years until a student applies for a letter.

    How can they get them in these big science classes?
    By asking!! We receive hundreds of letter each year, the majority from UB professors of large science courses. Students must take the steps to meet faculty at office hours and get to know them. This can feel pretty awkward at first, but it is part of the process and a measure of a student’s initiative.

    What is the Prehealth Committee?
    It is a very hard working 12-member faculty committee sponsored by the Vice Provost’s Office that assists students in gathering their references and providing a letter of evaluation. This letter and the individual references meet the professional school requirements for references.

    Must a student have a Committee Letter?
    Technically, no! However, professional schools usually know which schools have committees and will ask a student why they do not have one.

    Should a student give up on a professional health school if they got a bad grade in a prerequisite or had a really bad semester?
    Not necessarily. It depends on why, how often, and what they have done since. Obviously, it doesn’t help to have such a record, but it is recoverable depending on the circumstances and the rest of the record. However, lots of good volunteering or references will not balance out a weak or so-so overall record.

    Is it true that prehealth students should never resign a class?
    No, but several will be a problem. A resignation, especially early in the student’s career, is not fatal. However students unable to do two sciences in one semester will not be as competitive.

    What are the required GPAs to get into professional health schools?

    For better or worse there are no cut offs. The national average GPAs for admitted students:

    • Medicine MD: 3.7 Overall/3.7 Science, DO: 3.5 Overall/3.4 Science
    • Dentistry 3.5 Overall/3.5 Science
    • Optometry 3. 4+
    • Podiatry 3.2
    • Veterinary 3.6+ (3.8 Cornell)
    • Physician Assistant 3.5+
    • Chiropractic 3.0

    What should prehealth students remember?

    • Everything you do is a part of your permanent record so compile the record with which you will be proud to apply. Freshman year counts!
    • Pick a realistic program that will prepare you for your major and complete the prehealth prereqs. Not every student can do this in four years. Don’t get caught in the “I don’t want to get behind” syndrome. Speed won’t make up for weak grades.
    • Learn strategies to approach professors for references. Don’t wait until your junior year.
    • Participate in service and health related volunteer work or research from early on at UB. This cannot be done authentically in the semester before your application.
    • It is your job to become educated about your intended profession and how to qualify.
    • Attend at least one Prehealth Workshop each semester.

    Where can a student find help with these questions?
    See your academic advisor today to talk about your program at UB.